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tv   Erie Canal Museum  CSPAN  November 28, 2015 4:52pm-5:01pm EST

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every weekend. >> c-span is touring cities across the country exploring american history. next a look at our visit to syracuse, new york. >> the eerie canal is a artificial river. the way that occurred was they build a canal from buffalo to albany, and then went to new york city. there were settlements on the frontier. this was a swampy area.
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it is also allowing for commerce to take place here. they will have storefronts facing the canal and storefronts facing the land. the thierry would be brought in to be sold to the city of syracuse. it was an efficient way of carrying on business. one thing that comes to mind his hats. people always came to syracuse to buy hats. they could buy a hat that was made here, or made in england. what was shipped out of here was salt.
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we had salt springs here and a lot of salt was shipped out of here. 1850 twonstructed in way the boat carrying cargo on the eerie canal. a fee was assessed for the weight of the cargo. it was weighed each time it carried cargo through the canal. the boat would pull in off the onal, gates would be closed either end of the way chamber. it takes up the full length of the building. the those gates are closed chamber is drained and the boat settles into a cradle. the cradle detaches to the standard scale, and the boat is weighed. once it is weighed, the fee is
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being paid, the chamber is refilled, and once the water reaches parity the gates are opened and the next boat comes way for bothan an hour that way. this was opened in 1850. this where boats were weighed until the state ceased to weigh boats in 1882. they didn't have any need to keep collecting these. there were some upgrades to the buildings. it was where the typist would type up the reports from the engineers working upstairs. into the 1950's when
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the building had clearly become too small and unworkable. the state was able to build across the street a new state office building. the people who worked here across the street, this was marked for demolition. saw the building and came out and saved it. it seemed like an appropriate place to build a canal museum. and when they open the museum in 1962. what is it that we can do best and still be able to collaborate with all these other side? we don't have any water near us area where the only maritime -- we interpret this ,uilding, and life in syracuse
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and beyond that we give a good introduction to the history of the canal. then we tell people where to go to find other things they can use to extend their learning. occurrede things that through the transition of the canal to a more recreational operation, and through the cleaning up of the water, communities began turning back to the canal. it was a dirty, smelly industrial site. in the 1970's and 1980's they began to turn back. you would see restaurants popping up. it became more interesting to look at the canal. a number of new museum's "the way. the canal was always reinventing itself.
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to be replaced by boats carrying a great deal of cargo or a line boat like this one. as the railroads were consolidated parallel to the canal they began to take some of the uses of the canal away. the canal always was finding new things to do. with the expansion we see shipments of oil in large vehicles, other things like that. thatreally took down freight shipping on the eerie bars and now was another canal. it allowed for oceangoing vessels to come into the great lakes. at that point the eerie canal
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became more of a recreational place which it is today. it is a huge tourist attraction. it is the thing that made it possible for this country to become rich. it is a living history museum itself. the impact of this thing, this is the pivotal moment in american history, this is what made america america. >> find out where the c-span cities to her is going next online at /citiestour.
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>> coming up, the african-american civil war memorial and museum, and u.s. he argues they played a broader role in defeating the confederacy than generally considered. the national civil war museum hosted this event. >> good afternoon. i did spend 21 years in the marine corps. whenever my marines would complain i have promised them i would not get my haircut for 10 years after i got out. theatersin movie across this country, you could have seen a film produced by the u.s. government


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